Types of Mastectomy  : 

 Mastectomy is the surgical removal of a breast. Surgery is presently the most common treatment for breast cancer. Following mastectomy, immediate or delayed breast reconstruction is possible in many instances.

Axillary Node DissectionAxillary Node Dissection :

Axillary node dissection, the surgical removal of the axillary (armpit) lymph nodes, is usually performed on patients with invasive cancers. A radical mastectomy, modified radical mastectomy, or lumpectomy operation often includes axillary node.

  Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy :

Sentinel lymph node biopsy is a new procedure that involves removing only one to three sentinel lymph nodes. To perform sentinel node biopsy.

If the surgeon determines that the sentinel node contains cancer, more lymph nodes are removed and examined.

 Lumpectomy :

Lumpectomy is the surgical removal of a cancerous lump (or tumor) in the breast, along with a small margin of the surrounding normal breast tissue. Lumpectomy may also be called wide excision biopsy, breast conserving therapy or quadrantectomy (this latter term is used when up to one fourth of the breast is removed). The procedure is often performed on women with small or localized breast cancers and can be an attractive surgical treatment option for breast cancer because it allows women to maintain most of their breast after surgery. Several studies have shown that women with small breast tumors have an equal chance of surviving breast cancer regardless of whether they have a lumpectomy, followed by a full course of radiation therapy, or mastectomy (complete breast removal, which generally does not require post-operative radiation treatment

 Chemotherapy

 For breast cancer you may have chemotheraphy .

 

  1. Before surgery to shrink tumor down .this can mean you need less surgery may be able to removed cancer without mastectomy
  2. After Surgery to prevent spreading & coming back.
  3. Treating Cancer that has come back which called  secondary breast cancer which often treated with therapy. 

Radiation Therapy

Breast-conserving therapy (BCT) is the surgical removal of a breast lump (lumpectomy) and a surrounding margin of normal breast tissue. BCT is typically followed by at least six to seven weeks of radiation therapy.

A modified radical mastectomy with lymph node dissection may take about two to three hours to complete.

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The term breast cancer refers to a malignant tumor that has developed from cells in the breast. There are several types of tumors that may develop within different areas of the breast. Most tumors are the result of benign (non-cancerous) changes within the breast.

There are two common types of breast cancer :-   1. Non Invasive Breast Cancer

                                                                               2. Invasive Breast Cancer.

The most common non invasive breast cancer is Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) Invasive Ductal Carcinoma & Invasive Lobular Carcinoma.

 

Risk Factor :

1. Family history
2. Genetic predisposition.
3. Early onset of menstrual cycles
4. Late menopause.
5. First pregnancy at older age.
6. Hormone therapy..
7. Birth control pills.
8. Smoking
9. Excessive use of alcohol.

 

Symptoms:

1. A lump or thickening in the breast or armpit
2. A change in the size or shape of the breast
3. Discharge from the nipple
4. A change in the color or texture of the skin of the breast or areola.

 

Diagnosis :

1. Physical Examination
2. Mammography

 

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